Brazil is the largest country on the continent of South America, which also includes the countries of Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile, Argentina and Uruguay. Three territories are also considered part of the South American continent: the Galapagos Islands, the Falkland Islands and French Guiana.
South America is the fourth largest continent in the world. As of July 2014, Brazil is the most populous country on the continent, with a total estimated population of 202,656,788. Although Brazil gained its independence from Portugal in 1822, the official national language is still Portuguese. The largest city is Sao Paulo, which in 2014 had a population of slightly less than 20 million people.