South Africa was colonized by two different powers, the Dutch and the English. The Dutch East India Company established the first colony in 1652. The British took over the colony in 1795, returned it during the Peace of Amiens in 1802, and then re-occupied it in 1809.Continue Reading
Before the Dutch and the English arrived, Portugal had a major presence in the southern part of Africa. The country did extensive trading and dominated the area before the Dutch arrived, but never set up an actual colony in the region.
South Africa gained some autonomy from Britain in 1910, and further independence in 1931. South Africa became a fully independent nation on May 31, 1961.Learn more about Africa
The primary crops in South Africa include grains, sugar, fruits, potatoes, tomatoes, cotton, tobacco and tea. Ornamental plants are also common in the country, including gladioli, bulbs, roses, proteas and chrysanthemums.Full Answer >
Mahatma Gandhi spent 21 years in South Africa fighting for the rights of the South African Indians. He was in South Africa from 1893 until 1914.Full Answer >
"Veld" is a name given to many types of open country in South Africa that are used as pastures or farmland. South Africa has many types of velds depending on their climate.Full Answer >
South Africa has three capital cities, Pretoria, Bloemfontein and Cape Town. Each of these cities holds one branch of the government.Full Answer >