The climate was mild and warm in the southern colonies, and this type of climate was suitable for growing several kinds of cash crops. The soil was fertile and allowed for the cultivation of rice, tobacco and indigo, which was exported from the region and contributed heavily to the economy. The soil in the tideland area was the most fertile, as tidewater left minerals in the ground to enrich it.
While the southern colonies enjoyed the most-fertile soil, New England and middle colonists were not as fortunate in their agricultural attempts. However, the middle colonies were able to experience some success with crops.
The climate in the New England colonies was cold. The winters were long, and fertile soil was hard to access. Much of the soil contained rocks, which made it unsuitable for farming.
The climate in the middle colonies was milder, and this region was able to sustain a few crops. Grain agriculture and items such as wheat, barley, rye and oats were grown in the middle colonies and exported to other parts of the country. Because of its heavy production of grains, these colonies earned the nickname "the breadbasket." Small farms were the source of grain production, and many were prevalent in this region.