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What was the climate of ancient Mesopotamia?

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Quick Answer

Ancient Mesopotamia had a dry glacial climate, along with Egypt and other empires of the ancient Near East. Mesopotamia was located in what is now known as Iraq.

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What was the climate of ancient Mesopotamia?
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Full Answer

Mesopotamia, which translates to "the land between the rivers," experienced the severe cold drought of 6200 B.C. This was an abrupt, short-lived cooling of the Earth's surface that was centered in Greenland, but affected other areas.

Before and after this cooling period, Mesopotamia had a "warm and wet" climate. This climate made Mesopotamia into a sort of "Garden of Eden" in the surrounding desert. The climate allowed for hunting and herding, or nomadic pastoralism. Learn more about Geography

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