Athens is the capital city of Greece. This city of 3.252 million people was designated the capital of Greece in 1833 immediately after the country won its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
Prior to the selection of Athens as the Greek capital, the city of Nafplio served as the provisional capital. Under the Ottomans, Athens was the capital of the province of Greece. Athens was an important city in antiquity, and though it was never the capital of ancient Greece, it did exercise strong influence over many of its neighboring city-states, forming the Delian League to counterbalance the Peloponnesian League led by its long-time enemy, Sparta.