What Is the Capital City of Columbia?

John Coletti/Photolibrary/Getty Images

Bogotá D.C. is the capitol city of the South American country Columbia. D.C. stands for Distrito Capital or District Capital. The city was given the name Santa Fe de Bacata by the Spanish conquerors, who named the city after the conqueror’s birthplace and one of the indigenous Muisca people’s rulers.

During the colonial era, Bogotá was an official outpost of the Spanish Empire and became the seat of the Viceroy of New Granada. After achieving independence from Spain in the early 1800s, Bogotá was the capitol first of the Republic of New Granada and then Colombia. Bogotá is Columbia’s largest, most populous city with a population of over 7 million residents.