The absolute location of Japan's capital, Tokyo, is 35 degrees 41 minutes north by 139 degrees 41 minutes east. The northern city of Sapporo has an absolute location of 43 degrees 3 minutes north by 141 degrees 21 minutes east.
An absolute location is based on the specific coordinates of a location's longitude and latitude, which are expressed in degrees, minutes and seconds. Japan's relative location is East Asia, where it is bordered by the East China Sea, the Philippine Sea, the Sea of Japan and the Pacific Ocean. Directly across the Sea of Japan lie North Korea, South Korea, China and Russia on the mainland of Asia.