The term westernization refers to the conversion to or adoption of Western traditions and customs. This very broad definition reveals that westernization can mean different things to different nations and cultures. However, in the current global context, the term westernization refers to the proliferation of social, economic and political ideas that is typically associated with wealthy countries of North America and Western Europe.Continue Reading
The traditions and customs that are associated with Western values have been aggregated from different cultures and nations throughout history. The majority of the basic social and cultural values of Western nations have roots in the European tradition, such as religious beliefs and cultural celebrations. Much of the economic and political philosophies are adopted from the more recent founding principles of the United States of America.
In today's context, westernization refers to the widespread presence and adoption of these customs and traditions and standardization of these customs and traditions to the point that they are expected to be found everywhere. For example, the widespread use of the English language in business and professional interactions reveals a tenet of westernization. Other examples include finding McDonald's restaurants in foreign nations, Hollywood fashion abroad and liberal economic systems that privilege free markets.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
Notable Korean customs include gimjang, which is preparing kimchi each winter; jesa, which is the ceremony that reaffirms relationships between ancestors and descendants; and the Confucian tradition of the oldest son taking over as head of the family. Another custom occurs during weddings, where the couple first has a traditional Western ceremony followed by another ceremony with traditional costumes.Full Answer >
One of the most notable customs of the Tlingit people of British Columbia, Yukon and Alaska is that they are a matrilineal society. Women are also immersed in clan leadership. The aunts and uncles of Tlingit children are often responsible for teaching their nieces and nephews their place in society.Full Answer >
Some traditional Japanese customs are showing respect to others by bowing at the waist to greet them and avoiding the number four because of superstition that it brings bad luck. In addition, it is customary not to tip for restaurant service in Japan and it is customary to avoid nose blowing in public and walking while eating.Full Answer >
Russian culture and customs include many conventions regarding gift giving and dining etiquette as well as business etiquette. Russian culture also has a complex system of names and titles.Full Answer >