What Were Some of the Effects of Plessy V. Ferguson on Segregation Laws?

With the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, the U.S. Supreme Court enshrined the doctrine of “separate but equal” into American law, explains the American Association of Community Colleges. This doctrine led to the rise of Jim Crow laws across the South and effectively sanctioned segregation for more than 50 years.

Plessy v. Ferguson was a court case that began in 1891 when Homer Plessy, a shoemaker in New Orleans with a small amount African-American ancestry, sued the state of Louisiana for forcing him to endure segregated train rides due to his skin color, according to the American Association of Community Colleges. In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled against Plessy, holding that segregation on the basis of skin color did not violate the constitutional rights of African-Americans as long as the options afforded to whites and blacks were equal, despite being separate, explains Digital History, a historical database managed by the University of Houston.