Options for lowering calcium levels include medication and surgery, according to Mayo Clinic. If the condition is mild, a doctor may recommend waiting and monitoring the bones and kidneys to ensure they remain healthy. Drinking plenty of water helps to prevent dehydration and the formation of kidney stones when the calcium levels are high. Stopping smoking helps to prevent damage to the bones when calcium levels are high.
An extremely high level of calcium in the body causes a medical emergency, indicates Mayo Clinic. The condition requires hospitalization and treatment using intrusiveness fluids and diuretics. Without this type of intervention, the patient can experience problems with the heart rhythm or nerve damage. Some of the medications the doctor prescribes help to prevent damage from the high calcium levels.
The human body requires a delicate balance of calcium in the blood, reports Mayo Clinic. If the levels are too low, the parathyroid gland releases a hormone that causes the release of more calcium from the bones and the retention of more of the mineral when filtering wastes. Disease, supplements, a lack of physical activity and medication are potential reasons for excess calcium in the blood. High levels of calcium lead to the formation of kidney stones, interfere with heart and brain function, and weaken the bones.