What Are the Warning Signs of a Shunt Malfunction?

By Staff WriterLast Updated Apr 15, 2020 10:01:21 PM ET

Warning signs of a shunt malfunction include fever, irritability, headaches, a change in personality and redness or inflammation along the shunt's path, according to the Hydrocephalus Association. Additionally, some signs are specific to particular age groups, such as the enlargement of the baby's head in infants, difficulty waking up in children and adults, and urinary incontinence in elderly patients. A sudden shunt malfunction is a serious condition that may lead to coma or death.