A voluntary response sampling is a sampling in which people volunteer to participate in a survey. This is a form of biased sampling. It is impossible to get random sample using this sampling method.Continue Reading
Voluntary response sampling is heavily biased because it focuses on volunteered survey answers rather than a random sampling. What makes this biased is because the only people who volunteer are those who have a particular interest in the topic of the survey. For example, if the survey is about feelings surrounding a particular religion, only those who feel strongly about it volunteer. This means that the resulting samples have two extreme sides with few or no middle-of-the-road responses to mellow out the results. This results in a sample that is not representative of the population. The bias often skews negative, as well.
Voluntary response sampling is useful for supporting a biased stance. For instance, if a website is anti-war and puts out a poll to its users, its users are also likely to be anti-war. The results of the poll, then, would have an anti-war view point, which the website can then cite as evidence that a population supports their views. In this way, voluntary response sampling can help research that has an agenda.Learn more about Psychology
A descriptive-normative survey combines two research methods: gathering information to describe the object of study as it is, has been or is viewed (descriptive method); and critiquing of the object to identify ways to improve it (normative method). Descriptive-normative surveys do not involve making or testing recommended improvements.Full Answer >
A conditioned compensatory response is an automatic response that is in the opposite direction to that of the effect of alcohol. According to Empathetic Counseling, conditioned behavior forms a key part of drug addiction, but the unconditioned and conditioned pairing responses and stimuli occur in different ways. In such a case, the conditioned response is what is referred to as conditioned compensatory response.Full Answer >
Classical conditioning is a type of learning whereby an organism develops a reflexive response to a previously neutral stimulus after the neutral stimulus becomes paired with something that naturally invokes that response. A common example is an experiment in which Ivan Pavlov rang a bell while presenting meat powder to his dog. The meat powder naturally triggered salivation in the dog, while the bell was a neutral stimulus. Over time, the dog began salivating in response to the bell alone.Full Answer >
Operant conditioning describes a psychological process by which an animal's behavior changes over time in response to reinforced learning. Operant conditioning is associated with the behaviorist psychology of B.F. Skinner.Full Answer >