A utopian society refers to a group of people attempting to live together in a perfect way to form a perfect society. There are many different views and beliefs on what a utopian society looks like.
The term "utopia" was coined by Sir Thomas Moore in 1516 with his book "Utopia." The book features the fictional island of Utopia, which was said to be in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. On Utopia, there is always perfect order. Moore's book states that simple laws, education of both sexes, communal ownership and religious tolerance lead to peace and overall population happiness.
Moore's book and the idea of Utopia spawned a literary movement that detailed many different kinds of utopias. These include "New Atlantis" by Frances Bacon and "Candide" by Voltaire. It also inspired dystopian fiction, which featured societies at their worst. Examples of dystopian fiction include "1984" by George Orwell and "Brave New World" by Aldous Huxley.
There are many different ideas of what a utopian society is like. Some believe in an ecological utopia, in which people live in harmony with the Earth and do not damage it in anyway. A scientific utopia is one in which science has helped the human form reach perfection. An economic utopia means that society's economics are structured so that citizens have what they need financially. Other forms of utopias include technological, religious and political.