What Is Ureaplasma in Men, and What Is the Treatment?

Ureaplasma are bacteria in a man’s urogenital tract, according to the New York Urology Specialists. Men may contract the infection at birth from their mothers, and symptoms tend to disappear until they reach puberty. Typically, sexual contact causes infection, and bacterial presence rises with an increase in the number of sexual partners, explains PubMed Central.

In the absence of sexual activity, the organisms tend to persist for years. Multiple studies indicate up to 85 percent of healthy men who attended sexually transmitted disease clinics had ureaplasma in their urethras, PubMed Central reports.

Ureaplasma may be unnoticeable in some men, but in others, symptoms such as urinary frequency, pain, discharge and burning appear, according to the New York Urology Specialists. Treatment involves the isolation of ureaplasma and administration of antibiotics. For the treatment plan to be effective, the patient and his sexual partners should take the prescribed medications, notes the Cleveland Clinic .

Experts advise patients to desist from sexual activity while taking the medication and to adhere to the prescribed dosage for the full duration of treatment, the Cleveland Clinic reports. The dosage involves taking 100 milligrams of doxycyline twice a day for two weeks or 400 milligrams of erythromycin four times daily for a week. Retesting of patients and their partners upon completion of the dosage determines whether traces of the bacteria remain. The physician may prescribe additional antibiotics to fully eliminate the organism.