What Type of Shelter Did the Chumash Indians Live In?

What Type of Shelter Did the Chumash Indians Live In?

What Type of Shelter Did the Chumash Indians Live In?

The Chumash lived in a house called an "ap." This shelter was shaped like half an orange and was made into a circle shape with willow poles that were bent in at the top in order to form a dome, and smaller saplings or branches were tied on crosswise.

The outside was covered with layers of bulrush or cattails overlapping each other like shingles on a roof. A hole at the top of the dome was made to provide air circulation. The hole was covered with a skin when it rained. The houses were 12 to 20 feet in diameter.