Treatment for kidney disease depends on the underlying cause, but medications such as those used for treating fluid retention, swelling, high cholesterol or anemia can reduce symptoms and slow kidney disease progression, according to the Mayo Clinic. However, end-stage kidney disease can require dialysis treatment or a kidney transplant.
Those with kidney disease may experience leg swelling because of fluid retention, explains the Mayo Clinic. Therefore, treatment with diuretic medications may be helpful in maintaining fluid balance within the body. For those who experience high blood pressure, medications that lower blood pressure may be prescribed in an effort to preserve kidney function. Additionally, those with high cholesterol levels may be prescribed statin medications to control their cholesterol levels. Other treatments for the complications of kidney disease may include medications that improve low iron levels and protect bones.
Kidney disease treatment with dialysis involves the removal of waste and fluid products from the body by use of a special machine, according to the Mayo Clinic. End-stage kidney disease can be life-threatening and may require having a kidney transplant from either a deceased or living donor. This is necessary when one’s kidneys are unable to clear waste and fluids from the body on their own. End-stage kidney disease occurs when kidney failure is eminent.