Traditional cognitive intelligence is the ability to plan, reason, and use logical deduction to solve problems, but also the capability to apply abstract thinking while learning from and responding to the environment. Cognitive intelligence is measured in terms of IQ, the score given by a standardized intelligence test.
Cognitive and emotional intelligence
Many psychologists have argued that IQ tests alone are not enough to fully determine or understand the wide range of human intelligence, with the ability to understand, interpret, and respond to emotions playing just as vital a role as the capacity to reason.
Emotional intelligence relates to a person's ability to not only express emotion, but also to perceive it in others. Emotional intelligence also directly relates to how a person is able to control their own emotions. This area of study has found numerous applications in areas as diverse as business and education.
Ultimately, both emotional and cognitive intelligence are important, although their strengths play to differing areas. Higher cognitive intelligence lends itself to better academic achievements, while emotional intelligence is crucial for leadership skills, relating to social groups, and general day to day interaction with others.
In general, a good balance of both emotional and cognitive intelligence is preferable, and both can be strengthened through specific learning processes.