The manner in which written content is arranged is known as text structure. Common text structures include compare and contrast, sequence, description, problem and solution, and cause and effect. Learning to determine text structure in fiction and nonfiction works helps students gain a greater understanding of the reading material.
An example of a text structure is the sequence structure, which organizes written content according to the order of the steps in a process or the chronological order of events. Another example is the problem and solution text structure, which presents a problem and then outlines a solution along with its consequences.