Technology has affected the economy through direct job creation, contribution to GDP growth, creation of new services and industries, workforce transformation and business innovation. The use of technology has been linked to marketplace transformation, improved living standards and more robust international trade. Technology has revolutionized virtually every industry in the economy.Continue Reading
Technological advances have significantly lowered the cost of doing business. For example, a manufacturing plant can be operated by just a few technicians controlling robotic systems. Innovative inventory systems are capable of supplying needed parts within a short time for assembly. Computers have drastically reduced the cost of carrying large inventories of intermediate parts and finished products via computerized accounting. Advancements in the computer industry, coupled with advancements in telecommunications, have increased job opportunities and strengthened economic growth. The Internet has overcome the physical barriers to communication over distances, and organizations and individuals can easily place orders through an online platform.
Similarly, manufacturing companies have developed tech-based links to their suppliers and customers. Suppliers can keep track of production-line efficiencies through computer hook-ups and can more efficiently ship parts and materials to the required location, reducing inventory and downtime. International manufacturing companies connect design centers in different countries to create international teams. E-commerce and online-banking capabilities have also helped reduce the cost of doing business.Learn more about Economics
According to the Houston Chronicle, advantages of a free market economy include freedom of innovation and the ability of customers to drive choices in addition to disadvantages such as the danger of the profit margin and market failures. Other advantages include a quick response to consumers' demands, a wide variety of services and goods, and efficient use of resources. However, disadvantages also include unemployment, ignored social costs, and unavailability of some goods and services.Full Answer >
Inflation generally increases when the gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate is above 2.5 percent due to several factors, such as demand for goods overstretching supply and higher wages in an ultra-competitive job market, according to Investopedia. When inflation starts to rise, consumers tend to spend more money before prices go higher.Full Answer >
According to a statistical analysis of the state of the Nigerian economy in 2010 published on EconomyWatch.com, the contribution of small-scale industries to the Nigerian economy is so little as to be negligible. A 2014 economic update published online by the Oxford Business Group underscores this by pointing out that the International Monetary Fund is calling for Nigeria to do more to support small-scale enterprises.Full Answer >
The world's top economies are efficiency-driven, as they concentrate on boosting production efficiency for better economic output, and they also give importance to innovation and technological improvements to promote growth. Nations with the best economies are competitive and have high gross domestic product, or GDP, per capita.Full Answer >