The most common symptoms associated with hernia mesh complications are pain, infection, the recurrence of the hernia, adhesion and bowel obstruction, according to the Food and Drug Administration. It is also possible for the mesh to migrate or shrink.
Surgical mesh is used to provide support to tissue that has been weakened or damaged. The mesh is constructed from synthetic material or from animal tissue, and it can be absorbed by the body, partially absorbed by the body or completely nonabsorbable. Nonabsorbable meshes are considered permanent implants because they remain in the body for an indefinite period of time. The meshes composed of animal tissue are completely absorbable and are usually made out of either intestine or skin from a pig or cow, states the FDA. Absorbable meshes degrade in strength over time and are intended to provide temporary support while new tissues grow to strengthen the weakened site.
A hernia is a condition where an organ, intestine or fatty tissue of the body squeezes through a ruptured spot in weakened muscle or connective tissue. It often occurs on the abdominal wall and can sometimes be visible from the outside of the body as a small bulge, according to the FDA.