What Are the Symptoms of a Brain Lesion?

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Brain lesions, also called brain scars, can cause varying symptoms such as headaches, seizures and memory loss that are often dependent on the size, location and type of lesion. The signs and symptoms of brain lesions also vary according to the type of lesion, which includes abscesses, arteriovenous malformations, cerebral infarction, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis or a tumor, according to WebMD.

There are several signs and symptoms that are common to several types of brain lesions. These are:

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Neck pain or stiffness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Memory loss
  • Eye pain
  • Seizures
  • Fever
  • Difficulty in moving

The most common types of brain lesions also have specific signs and symptoms associated with them.

Lesions caused by trauma: Head wounds that show depressions or signs of penetrations, bruises on the face and scalp and loss of consciousness.

Lesions caused by infections: Fever, prolonged head aches that may lead to confusion and seizures.

Lesions that are vascular in nature: Sudden intense headaches that last for minutes or days, fainting, slurred speech, weakness and numbness in the extremities or facial droop.

Lesions that are malignant: Headaches that can last for months, changes in character and personality, changes in mental status and seizures in individuals with a history of cancer.

The signs and symptoms that are specific to the type of lesions mentioned above may or may not occur with the symptoms that are common to several types of brain lesions.