The sociological perspective is the study of human life and social interactions, as well as how those interactions shape groups and society as a whole. This perspective views society as a product created by humans that can be changed by them as well.Continue Reading
The three major sociological perspectives are symbolic interactionism, functionalism and conflict theory.
Symbolic interactionism, also known as the symbolic interaction theory, is a perspective that puts a large emphasis and symbolic meaning on the social interactions that humans develop. This theory was introduced by philosopher George Herbert Mead, but can be traced back to Max Weber. It examines the meanings that people impose on objects, events and behaviors.
Functionalism, a theory from Emile Durkheim, analyzes how social order is possible and how society remains stable. It states that each part of society functions to provide stability for the whole society. The institutions of society, like the government, are the strongest parts. If a society is disorganized, it must change to stabilize itself.
Conflict theory, derived from the works of Karl Marx, studies how power and coercion affect social order. Marx believed that those with the greatest political, economic and social resources would hold the most power in society, according to About.com. These powerful people would maintain social order through domination.Learn more about Social Sciences
The main concepts of sociology include the history and theories to explain and predict human behavior and interaction; the symbols, values, norms and languages of cultures and society; and social interactions and social control. Class systems within cultures and groups are also a main concept of sociology.Full Answer >
Unemployment is a problem because it can create losses of income, increases in expenditures and societal problems that negatively affect individuals and society as a whole. Costs generated by unemployment are considered dead losses as they do not create any gains or benefits.Full Answer >
Sociocultural perspective refers to a point of view that is built upon the idea that society and culture are major factors influencing personal development. It is an outlook that considers an individual through the lens of sociocultural theory, a psychological theory that assumes a person's cognitive development is determined by a number of social relations and environmental contexts. Fundamentally, the theory assumes that people are heavily influenced by their social environment.Full Answer >
Advocates for the study of social sciences contend that studying the discipline is valuable because it serves as a framework for understanding how the findings of the so-called pure sciences affect society. While the pure sciences address issues such as medicine and energy allocation, social sciences apply that knowledge to the human condition, they say.Full Answer >