Sociocentrism and ethnocentrism both revolve around a person's belief that someone's social or ethnic group is superior to others. Sociocentrism also means putting a group's needs and concerns ahead of someone's personal needs. An individual with these beliefs tends to judge other groups relative to his or her own culture as it relates to language, religion, family structure and behavior.Continue Reading
Examples of ethnocentric and sociocentric thoughts include believing someone's sports team is greater than others simply for geographic reasons, claiming someone's religion is the one true system that all others should follow, and rationalizing that someone deserves support even when that person is lying. These beliefs often materialize due to a person's family ties or emotional connections or simply to familiarity. Sometimes, persistent ethnocentric and sociocentric beliefs are irrational even to the point that no one else can rationalize the concept.
The term ethnocentrism was coined by William G. Sumner upon observing the behavior of people who differentiate between one group and another. Sumner concluded that ethnocentrism often leads to vanity, pride and contempt of outsiders. Sumner noted that collective beliefs of ethnocentrism include national pride in which a country's inhabitants espouse a notion that their country is better than others. This happens slowly over time as ethnocentric concepts become naturalized when citizens intrinsically think their country supersedes all others.Learn more about Social Sciences
Racism, which is the belief that certain ethnic groups are superior to others, is still commonplace around the world. Its effects can be felt, to varying degrees, on every continent.Full Answer >
A stereotype is an oversimplified, generally over-exaggerated belief that all members of a certain group act and think in the same fashion. Individuals use negative stereotypes as the basis to justify discrimination and racism. Individuals also use positive stereotypes to make claims that certain individuals in a society are "better" than other individuals.Full Answer >
Common nonverbal communication in England is a handshake to greet someone, kissing or hugging to greet a very close loved one, provide adequate personal space and not staring at others as they see it as rude. The peace sign of the pointer finger and the middle finger pointing upward that is common in the United States has a derogatory meaning in England.Full Answer >
Examples of Social Darwinism include believing one ethnic group or race superior to others, and objection to efforts supporting humanitarian assistance for all, such as government welfare programs. Social Darwinism essentially prescribes the theories of natural selection, adopted by Charles Darwin, to humans and aspects of human society, such as economics and politics. The theory of Social Darwinism applies the theory of "survival of the fittest" to humans.Full Answer >