Social hierarchy is how individuals and groups are arranged in a relatively linear ladder. Social hierarchy is evident in many species of animals, but it is the most complex in humans. Socioeconomic status is one of the essential factors that creates this hierarchy.Continue Reading
Socioeconomic status in terms of social hierarchy takes into account a wide range of elements about a person or group. Social features, such as gender, sex, age, race, religion and location, are the most visual and obvious parts of the hierarchy. Race is of particular importance because of how it relates to economic status due to historical racism and segregation. Gender is important in the same way because women have historically been granted fewer rights and are, in many ways, still fighting their way up the social hierarchy.
Economic status includes the work a person does, how much money he has and how much material wealth he possesses. This can be both tangible and intangible and is the basis for social classes. For example, the hierarchy tends to go poor, working class, middle class, higher class, with subdivisions within each major category. Social and economic factors combined is a person's socioeconomic status, which places that person within the social hierarchy. General respect of the person, such as a person who routinely does a lot of community service and volunteer work, also affects his place in the hierarchy.Learn more about Social Sciences
Social order is maintained by people with the greatest political, economic and social resources. According to political theorist Karl Marx, power is unevenly distributed in society, which means that social order is directed by an elite few at the expense of the majority. Social order can be constructive when achieved through voluntary participation of the majority class. It is oppressive when administered through an authoritarian government.Full Answer >
Social inequality means the difference in status, resources, income and power that exists within a society and between different societies. Such disparity results from socially defining characteristics such as gender, ethnicity and age, which limit access to resources that certain people can have, states CEELBAS.Full Answer >
Social stability is a sociological perspective that states a group always seeks to maintain equilibrium by forcing out ideas and individuals that disagree with popular opinion. This helps keep society in balance and promotes harmonious coexistence. A lack of social stability causes revolution and unrest in the group.Full Answer >
Social order refers to the way in which a society is organized along with certain rules and standards that are set forth in order to maintain that organization. Within social sciences, social order refers to a set of connected social structures, practices and institutions that maintain and set methods for relating and behaving.Full Answer >