The theory of social construction, explained in depth by the University of California, asserts that society places people in groups and favors certain groups over others. The International Encyclopedia states that a social construct is an idea or notion that appears to be obvious to a person who accepts it although it is not reality. Rather, it is an invention of society.Continue Reading
The Encyclopedia of Sociology states that credit for naming this theory goes to Thomas Luckmann, who wrote "The Social Construction of Reality" in 1966. According to Luckmann, society is a product created by humans; it is an objective reality, and man is a social product.
The University of California explains in further detail that a person's societal beliefs defines what is "normal" and what is not. Society defines a person as a "man" or a "woman" based on the genitalia that the person possesses at birth. Society defines the characteristics that a man should have and those that a woman should have. It is society's opinion that men should have more power than women, so this is the way that women and men are taught from birth.
Humans learn society's beliefs from birth, and as a result, they are participants in the social construction theory. This theory also includes race, asserting that race is also used to group and class in society.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
Examples of formal groups, or formal organizations, in society include military units, corporations, churches, court systems, universities, sports teams and charities. Formal organizations denote a social system defined by clearly stated rules, norms and goals. Formal groups have several sets and subsystems that work to achieve these goals for both short- and long-term processes.Full Answer >
While it has been illegal in India to discriminate against others based on caste since the 1950s, the system continues to affect society in terms of economic inequality, genetic disease and even the election of politicians. Those who live in the country continue to grapple with the implications of caste despite a new, more egalitarian economy. Many compare the impacts of caste in India to those of race in America.Full Answer >
The three social classes of the ancient Philippines society were Maginoo, Timawa and Alipin. These classes followed the social model of upper class, middle class and lower class.Full Answer >
Pre-conventional morality is the first level of Lawrence Kohlberg's theory of moral development in which people first comprehend fixed rules as behavioral guidelines and then grow to understand that everyone has a unique position in choosing to obey or not obey them. Pre-conventional morality, or the first level of morality, is subdivided into two stages. There are two other levels of the morality theory respectively called conventional and post-conventional morality.Full Answer >