How Does Social Class Affect One’s Life?

The social class into which a person is born greatly effects the trajectory of one’s life, especially in the early formative years, according to studies reported by The Guardian and CNN Money. Social class affects the type of opportunities available to a person, as economic factors largely determine the options available to people getting started in life.

A study from the University of London’s Institute of Education found that the social class a child is born into is a better indicator of academic achievement than previously thought, The Guardian reports. The students’ social class and achievement levels were measured against the achievements of children with very involved parents. Researchers found that parental involvement is less of a determinant of future academic success than social class. Children whose parents are unemployed perform at a lower level than children whose parents are steadily employed, the study found. Education is a major factor in determining a person’s success later in life, thus children from lower social classes have less of a chance at higher education because they lack the grades.

In recent decades, economic mobility has been stunted in the United States. CNN Money reports that those who are born poor are far more likely to stay poor, as fewer opportunities for advancement are available to them. The eradication of social programs designed to alleviate symptoms of poverty contributes to this trend, according to CNN Money.