What Are the Side Effects of a Nebulizer?

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Common side effects of using a nebulizer include uncontrollable shaking, nervousness, nausea, headache, throat irritation and cough, according to MedlinePlus. More serious side effects include irregular heartbeat, swelling of the face, lips and tongue, difficulty breathing, difficulty swallowing and itching. It is important for anyone experiencing uncomfortable side effects when using a nebulizer to contact a health professional as soon as possible, according to MedlinePlus.

According to WebMD, nebulizers can cause dizziness and jitters. Individuals who experience these symptoms when using a nebulizer are advised by WebMD to stop treatment for five minutes and continue the treatment at a slower pace. If dizziness and jitters continue, it is important for patients to stop treatment and contact a medical professional before continuing with the medication.

The Mayo Clinic explains that if a patient uses a nebulizer to inhale albuterol, similar inhaled medications, such as levalbuterol, metaproterenol and terbutaline, must be avoided. Albuterol can cause allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic reaction that requires prompt medical treatment. The Mayo Clinic explains that additional symptoms caused by albuterol nebulizer solution include skin rashes, breathing difficulty, swallowing difficulty, hives and swelling. Albuterol can also cause low potassium In the blood, with symptoms including dry mouth, increased thirst, muscle pain, changes in mood and appetite, and numbness in the hands and feet.