What Are the Seven Roles of the President?

The seven roles assumed by presidents of the United States include Chief Executive, Chief Diplomat, Chief of State, Chief Legislator, Commander-in-Chief, Chief of Party and Chief Commander of the Economy. The President performs these seven essential duties, although he or she receives assistance from other branches of the government and specialized officials. In addition to performing these duties, presidents act as symbols, representing the American public in many ways.

Each presidential role requires different performances. As Chief Executive, presidents lead the Executive Branch, acting as supervisors by overseeing the tasks of government workers and agencies operating in the Executive Branch. The president, acting as Chief Executive, decides how to enforce laws of the United States. He or she also appoints high-level officials to carry out requisite legal tasks. The president exercises military authority as Commander-in-Chief, determining where and when to deploy troops in the Navy, Marines, Army and Air Force. Generals in these military branches receive instructions for carrying out missions directly from the president.

As Chief of State, the president assumes a symbolic and inspirational role. Acting in this capacity, he or she closes the gap between government and the American people. The president interacts with constituents, performing tasks like handing out awards and delivering speeches on important national holidays.

The position of Chief Diplomat gives presidents opportunities for traveling abroad and engaging in international affairs. As Chief Legislator, presidents sway Congress’s lawmaking decisions, advocating for laws or showing opposition, either encouraging or discouraging their passage. Presidents enlist support from fellow party members as the Chief of Party and facilitate smooth economic operations as Chief Guardian of the Economy.