The aims of the 19th century Filipino Propaganda Movement were to secure representation of the Philippines in the Spanish Parliament, secularize the clergy, secure equality between Spanish and Filipino people, as well as create a public school system. The movement also looked to abolish labor service, guarantee basic freedom and offer equal opportunity for government service.Continue Reading
Graciano Lopez Jaena spelled out the aims of the Filipino Propaganda Movement during a speech held at a restaurant in Madrid in the year 1883. His friend Juan Atayde organized and directed the Circulo Hispano-Filipino, which advocated peaceful reform in the Philippines. All of the members of the Propaganda Movement were either Filipino expatriates living in Europe or foreign sympathizers.
The Propaganda Movement published the Revista del Circulo Hispanico-Filipino in order to call for reform of Spanish rule in the Philippines. This publication influenced the population of Europe and the Philippines, leading to Philippine Revolution of 1896. In 1889, Lopez Jaena wrote an article voicing his consent to revolution if peaceful reform did not occur, comparing the struggle of the Propaganda Movement to that of the French Revolution. Other prominent members of the movement included Jose Rizal and Marcelo H. del Pilar; historians call these two, along with Graciano Lopez Jaena, the "great triumvirate" of the Propaganda Movement.Learn more about Social Sciences
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People primarily used legal and legislative methods to fight for equality for African-Americans. This included challenging discriminatory laws in court and lobbying for legislation to make discrimination illegal.Full Answer >
Some ways to promote equality between men and women are to refrain from using sexist language, raise money for charities that support gender equality, speak up when witnessing sexist behaviors and encourage children of both sexes to play with the toys they want. People can also promote equality of the sexes by considering the candidates' positions on gender-related topics when voting in elections. Another idea is to support movies with female directors and leads.Full Answer >
Social equality is when certain goods and responsibilities are divided evenly across a society. Those goods can also be ideals, such as freedom.Full Answer >
Gender equality refers to ensuring everyone gets the same resources regardless of gender, whereas gender equity aims to understand the needs of each gender and provide them with what they need to succeed in a given activity or sector. The terms are sometimes used interchangeably, but there are significant distinctions between them.Full Answer >