What Are School Records?

Photo Courtesy: Skynesher/Getty Images

A school record can refer to a variety of different pieces of information, but all of it is education-related and involves a student’s merits or personal details. For example, a school record can include an official record of a student's grades, conduct, and disciplinary history; additionally, it can also be a more general reference to a student's academic performance and extracurricular participation while in school.

In most places in the United States, official educational and disciplinary records should be closed to the general public to protect student privacy, but students and parents may be able to request access to their (or their child's) record. An academic transcript is one of the most commonly requested records, particularly for high school students who are applying for college admittance.

When used as a general reference, "school record" can encompass everything from grades to specific classes taken. For example, the College Board, a non-profit college prep organization, groups everything from summer activities to Advanced Placement classes and teacher recommendations for college applicants under the category of "high school record." So, let's dive deeper into what types of records are kept at schools as well as how long schools keep their students’ records on hand.