The CPU is the core component of any computer, and its main function is to control and calculate binary calculations. The abbreviation CPU stands for central processing unit.
The CPU is an important piece of hardware that performs the instructions of a computer program. All instructions given by the user have to go through the CPU. It performs input and output operations as well as basic arithmetical and logical operations. A typical CPU consists of a number of components, including the arithmetic logic unit, the control unit and the cache. The CPU is located on the motherboard of a computer.