What Is Research Philosophy?

Research philosophy is the development of logical reasoning that incorporates contemporary ideas with previously established methods of thought through structural phases. The schools of positivism and post-positivism are relevant to modern research philosophy, the former based upon techniques of objective observation while the latter reconsiders world views through metaphysical interpretation.

The structure of research philosophy is comprised of both inductive and deductive reasoning, as well as variables involving influences of cause and effect. Studies may be structured around a variety of designs ranging from the experimental to the factorial, though each type must supply causal evidence to maintain validity in its outcome.