Culture and education have a strong relationship. Culture is the social behavior of a society. Each society has its norms and lifestyles. Education teaches students about the culture in which they live. It also shapes students and influences culture in many ways.
Culture affects the way students behave and learn. Education helps advance cultural development, expose students to different cultures, and mold personalities. In essence, education shapes the cultural leaders of tomorrow and helps pupils adapt to shifts and changes.
Impact of Culture on Education
Experts suggest that a person's culture and upbringing impact how he or she views the world. It also has a large effect on how he or she processes information and learns. Cultural norms can determine how students take part in their education, according to the Miami Herald.
In Asia, for example, students are typically quiet in class. They don't make eye contact out of respect. Many European and American students engage differently. Teachers encourage them to have discussions. They make eye contact as a sign of respect for their teachers.
Cultural Deficit Theory in Education
The culture of a student's home environment can either prepare him for school or not. Cultural deficit theory links school success with home environment. In some cases, the situation at home fails to prepare students for the work they do in school. For example, students who don't have as many books read to them might not develop their vocabulary as quickly, according to The Edvocate.
Culture and the Teaching and Learning Process
Consider how an American student in Asia could be perceived as inappropriate. Alternatively, consider how teachers could consider an Asian student in the United States. Educators must understand cultural differences that could account for different participation styles. All learners are different. Cultural differences are important factors in the teaching and learning process.
Impact of Education on Culture
Education shapes the way students see the world by providing information and knowledge. It provides students with new ways of looking at problems and exposes them to new ideas. Education influences culture in several ways, including the following:
It Preserves Culture
Through education, students learn about cultures other than their own. It also shares different customs and traditions with pupils. This exposes them to a variety of cultures. Education is a way of preserving heritage, arts, and traditions to live on.
It Transmits Culture
Culture can be handed down from generation to generation from within the home. But one of education's tasks is carrying over the existing values of the day. It teaches students the traditions of the culture by exposing them to it. This allows young members of society to continue social values.
It Promotes Culture
Sometimes, the cultural patterns of the day become outdated. Education plays a key role in orienting students to shifting norms for an enriched cultural experience for society.
It Provides the Tools to Adapt to Change
Cultures shift, progress, and evolve. Each successive generation modifies the cultural forms of the previous generation. Education makes that possible. It also makes it possible for people to adjust to changing cultural patterns for a better shot at success.
It Brings People Together
Education shapes personality. Each person's personality plays a role in creating relationships with others. It brings people and different cultures together for a better understanding of differing cultures.