Psychology as a discipline is a science because it involves empirically testing concepts and observations, according to Simply Psychology and California State University, Fresno. Psychology employs the scientific method to determine the accuracy and reliability of key theories and practices.Continue Reading
Within academia, psychology is a social science, meaning that those in the discipline study human behavior. It studies natural occurrences after observations. Researchers make hypotheses regarding a specific behavior, such as the reaction of people to traumatic images. Those in the field only scientifically test concrete concepts based on previous research or assumptions. Psychology does not include the study of psychic abilities or other fringe concepts.
After creating hypotheses, the researchers conduct an experiment or utilize another scientific methodology to empirically test their hypotheses. Researchers include controls and variables to manipulate or test. Objectivity throughout the experiment helps protect against bias within the study. Psychology researchers then either reject or support the hypotheses. Other researchers also retest the hypotheses to increase the validity of the study. This empirical manner researchers uphold makes psychology a science.
In a clinical setting, psychologists use the research from others in the discipline to correctly diagnose and treat patients. This allows for practical application of scientific findings.Learn more about Psychology
Five major concepts used in psychology to explain human behavior are the biological, learning, cognitive, psychoanalytic and sociocultural perspectives. A majority of psychologists take an eclectic approach, using components of all five concepts to understand and address different human behaviors.Full Answer >
Case studies of psychological disorders are used to provide insight into additional research, allow for study of impractical or unethical situations, and offer detailed qualitative information to those in the psychological community, according to Simply Psychology. Additionally, case studies can lead to creating testable hypotheses and allow for the study of rare conditions and phenomena, states PsychCentral.Full Answer >
A main advantage of a 5-point Likert scale is that it is easy to interpret the data gathered because of the numbering assigned to each option, according to Simply Psychology. Also, as observations can range from "one" to "five" or "low" to "high," it also gives more scope than a simple yes/no format of questioning. A 5-point Likert scale is typically given to measure attitudes of a group of people.Full Answer >
Some undergraduate degree programs at California State University in Fullerton, as of 2015, include Bachelor's programs in American Studies, Business Administration, Communications, Biochemistry, Art, French, Music, Psychology and Public Administration, notes the CSUF website. Some graduate program offerings include those in Marketing, Education, Environmental Studies, Social Work, Computer Science and Visual Arts. The public school is located in a suburban setting and has received several high rankings and distinctions for the university as a whole and for its individual programs and departments.Full Answer >