The psychodynamic approach to psychology does not use the usual scientific routes of explanation, instead it focuses on the individual's thoughts on experiences, how they see the world and their relationships. Psychologist Sigmund Freud is considered to be the founder of the psychodynamic approach.Continue Reading
Psychodynamic is a deliberate alternative to behavioral psychology. This approach to psychology focuses on the drives and focuses within an individual person, especially the ones in the unconscious. It also focuses on the different structures of someone's personality. Although Freud's theories became the basis for psychodynamic theory, the theory grew to include the ideas of other scientists, such as Jung and Erikson.
Freud clinically built his theories based on therapy sessions with his patients. The sessions were usually based around the patient's depression or anxiety. The common beliefs expressed in psychodynamic psychology include that people's feelings and behaviors are deeply affected by their unconscious thoughts. According to this theory, people's actions and feelings as an adult happen because of experiences that occurred in their childhood. An individual's personality is comprised of three parts: the id, ego and superego. The unconscious mind is also constantly in conflict with the conscious mind and this causes anxiety which can only be dealt with through defense mechanisms.Learn more about Psychology
Incongruence comes from Carl Rogers' humanistic approach to psychology, and it reflects a difference between a person's self-image and actual experience. Almost everyone experiences a certain amount of incongruence in their life, according to Carl Rogers. It is rare for individuals to feel congruent in all areas of their life.Full Answer >
Biopsychology represents the approach to psychology that studies the biological events that shape actions, thoughts and feelings. The research conducted by biopsychologists investigates the neural, genetic and endocrine processes that affect behavior. Physiological processes associated with organs other than the brain, such as the stomach and various glands, are also studied to determine their effect on behavioral responses and emotional disorders.Full Answer >
Moral decisions are grounded in an individual's sense of ethics, which may be defined using approaches such as the utilitarian approach, the rights approach, the justice approach or the virtue approach. Because of the different ways ethics are defined by different people, some decisions are likely to be considered moral by some and immoral by others.Full Answer >
The world needs psychology because it allows people to better understand how the mind works. Having this understanding allows mental illnesses to be better diagnosed and managed, helps people manage their relationships with those around them, encourages those with depression or anxiety to take steps to improve their conditions, and promotes an overall healthier mental state.Full Answer >