The psychodynamic approach to psychology does not use the usual scientific routes of explanation, instead it focuses on the individual's thoughts on experiences, how they see the world and their relationships. Psychologist Sigmund Freud is considered to be the founder of the psychodynamic approach.
Psychodynamic is a deliberate alternative to behavioral psychology. This approach to psychology focuses on the drives and focuses within an individual person, especially the ones in the unconscious. It also focuses on the different structures of someone's personality. Although Freud's theories became the basis for psychodynamic theory, the theory grew to include the ideas of other scientists, such as Jung and Erikson.
Freud clinically built his theories based on therapy sessions with his patients. The sessions were usually based around the patient's depression or anxiety. The common beliefs expressed in psychodynamic psychology include that people's feelings and behaviors are deeply affected by their unconscious thoughts. According to this theory, people's actions and feelings as an adult happen because of experiences that occurred in their childhood. An individual's personality is comprised of three parts: the id, ego and superego. The unconscious mind is also constantly in conflict with the conscious mind and this causes anxiety which can only be dealt with through defense mechanisms.