What Are the Pros and Cons of Restorative Justice?

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Restorative justice is a framework that emphasizes and pursues the long-term strengthening and rebuilding of communities and families affected by crimes. It affords young offenders — those under age 18 — alternative solutions for corrective actions beyond options available in standard justice systems. Some of the advantages of restorative justice include focusing attention on victims rather than perpetrators, promoting problem-solving strategies and stimulating communication. Perceived disadvantages include a failure to prevent future crimes and a similar failure to impose penalties. The approach has its fair share of proponents and critics, but exactly how well does this approach work in achieving its goals?