What Are the Properties of Nylon?

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Nylon is a synthetic, fibrous material that is known for its high tensile strength, abrasion resistance and chemical stability. It is a very resilient fiber that is often used to make cords and ropes that need to support a lot of weight and withstand wet, hot or dirty conditions. When used in clothing, nylon is both lightweight and warm.

Nylon fibers are most commonly used in woven patterns. Once the fibers are woven, they are set with heat, which causes them to hold their shape and resist unraveling. Yarns and cords made from nylon are smooth and long-lasting with a slight sheen. They come in a wide range of colors; dyes are easily absorbed by the nylon when it is still in its molten form. Nylon resists mildew and bacterial growth, making it an excellent choice for outdoor use when it’s exposed to dirt, grime and water.

Standard nylon has a melting point of 263 degrees Celsius, though newer, heat-stabilized nylons are reported to have melting points as high as 1000 degrees Celsius. Nylon does not dissolve in formic acid, and it has a specific gravity of 1.14. Exposure to UV light does degrade nylon over time, so it is recommended that nylon items be stored away from sunlight.