The principle of rights theory is the idea that in order for a society to be successful government must approach the making and enforcement of laws with the right intentions in respect to the end goals of the society that it governs. Members of society agree to give up some freedoms for the protection enjoyed by organized society, but governments cannot infringe upon the rights that citizens have been promised.Continue Reading
The principle of rights was proposed by Immanuel Kant. Kant saw a distinct correlation, yet difference, between the enforcement of law and the intent of law. In his mind, governments were entrusted with the ability to make laws by the citizens they governed in exchange for protection. Governments, therefore, had no right to violate that trust by creating laws with ill intent concerning the freedom that citizens had been promised.
The principle of rights is also applied to war. In order to be considered justifiable, the intention of entering into war must be right. In other words, according to Kant's principle of rights theory, it is not solely the outcome of actions that is important but the reasoning behind them as well, because if the intent is bad, then the outcome most likely is bad as well.Learn more about Psychology
The legislative branch of any government exists to create, amend and repeal laws that provide structure and order to a society. In the United States, it is called the Congress. According to Article 1 of the Constitution, only Congress may enact legislation or declare war.Full Answer >
The six principles of the American Psychological Association Ethics Code are competence, integrity, professional and scientific responsibility, respect for people's rights and dignity, concern for others' welfare, and social responsibility, while the six principles of research ethics are integrity and quality, proper information, confidentiality, voluntary participation, avoidance of harm, and independence of research. Both the APA Ethics Code and the principles of research ethics are concerned with people's psychological well-being.Full Answer >
The five ethical principles involved with psychological research are beneficence and nonmaleficence, fidelity and responsibility, integrity, justice, and respect for people's rights and dignity. These principles must be strictly observed in all legitimate psychological testing, as stated by the American Psychological Association.Full Answer >
Gender schema theory explains how members of a society become gendered and how sex-linked characteristics are maintained and transmitted to other members of a culture. Information associated with gender is mostly transmuted through society by networks of information that allow for some information to be more easily assimilated than others, but the theory argues that there are differences in the degree to which people hold these networks and the differences are manifested via the degree to which individuals are sex-typed.Full Answer >