Common themes in children's literature include stories that concern life at home, school and with parents and other family members, as stated by Children's Literature Classics. Other popular themes revolve around friendship, bullying, toys and play, magic and the imagination.
Stories can help children cope with the daily challenges of life and also provide the wisdom, values and morals of a culture. Often the theme, or message that can be applied to the reader's own life, reflects the struggles and choices that children confront on a regular basis. Children's literature has changed drastically since the mid-19th Century, according to the Education Portal. Before the Golden Age of Children's Literature, text written for children often pushed moral principles and a realistic perspective of the world. Authors like Lewis Carroll and Mark Twain encouraged the writing of imaginative and entertaining books for children.
Children's books often promote themes that encourage acceptance, cooperation and compassion as reported by Scholastic Inc. These stories typically include characters who respect and accept others, work with others to solve a problem or want to help those in need. Two other common themes are courage and perseverance. Stories that focus on these themes typically have a brave character that shows the strength to accept or overcome their fears to achieve a goal.