Plato and Aristotle are similar in that they both contemplated man's existence in the world and the significance of that existence. They both tried to understand what it means to be aware of one's existence and how that existence is related to that of others.Continue Reading
Plato was Socrates' student, and Aristotle studied as a student of Plato. Although he disagreed with his teacher about some key points, much of Aristotle's work is considered an evolution of the ideas first put forward by Plato. Plato's work, however, was more individually focused and concerned with the soul.
Aristotle was more of a political thinker who tried to put his ideas into a social context. To him, it was impossible to consider one without considering the other. Much of his scientific thinking was based on this same principle. To Plato, being was being. To Aristotle, observing was being.
Many of Aristotle's ideas are a marriage between those of Socrates and Plato. It is said that Plato was the first political philosopher and Aristotle was the first political scientist. Both men founded schools. Plato's school was The Academy, at which Aristotle studied. Aristotle's school was the Lyceum, which was partially financed by Alexander the Great.Learn more about Philosophy
Plato, born around 428 B.C. in Athens, Greece, was an ancient Greek philosopher, a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle who founded one of the first institutes of higher learning. He wrote on a variety of subjects, including justice, equality, politics, theology and cosmology.Full Answer >
Plato believed that the world we see around us is only a shadow of reality, which he referred to as the world of the forms. From this belief, he developed the Parable of the Cave, the philosophical theory for which he is best known, according to a website hosted by St. Anselm College.Full Answer >
Aristotle was one of the most important ancient Greek philosophers, best known for his writings that cover a wide variety of subjects, such as metaphysics, music, politics and poetry. Aristotle was a student of Plato and the mentor of Alexander the Great.Full Answer >
Aristotle was responsible for major developments in many fields that are still studied today, including logic, zoology, science, astronomy and many more. Although many of his theories were eventually supplanted by more developed studies, his ideas were incredibly influential, and many of them still form the basis of modern thought.Full Answer >