The Finnish national dress is commonly referred to as "kansallispuvu." Traditional women's clothing includes a skirt, blouse, vest, apron, scarf and headdress, which is usually a headband or hat. Men's clothing consists of a shirt, waistcoat, coat, scarf and headdress, along with long or knee-length trousers.
These outfits are typically very bright and colorful, and are decorated with intricate embroidery and silk fabric. Accessories such as kerchiefs, leather belts and jewelry are popular, and shoes are laced or buckled. Shirts, skirts and waistcoats are often made from striped fabric. Because of the cold climate in Northern Europe, clothing is warm and made from wool and cotton.
The outfits vary by region, due to cultural and climate differences between different parts of Finland. Such traditional costumes are usually reserved for special occasions and performances, as well as national holidays, and are not worn in daily life.
Finnish national dress originated in the 16th and 17th centuries. The clothing changed greatly during the 20th century as a result of new sewing techniques and the development of industrial clothing production. Today, the National Costume Council of Finland works to maintain and develop the traditional costumes and to educate the Finnish people about them.