According to NASA, humans explore because of an innate desire to learn the world around them. The urge to explore was ingrained in the psyche so that human ancestors could find places that were abundant in food, water and other resources necessary for survival. This primordial desire to explore the world around them might be what continues to lead humanity to venture out and explore even today.Continue Reading
NASA argues for this line of reasoning by stating that society has been reaping the benefits of human exploration for centuries. Expeditionary missions that were sent out to find shorter routes to the Indies ended up with humanity discovering and later colonizing the New World. In that same vein, exploratory efforts made to uncover the nature of the cosmos have led to profound discoveries regarding how the universe works.
The benefits that are reaped by exploratory efforts need not always be abstract and intangible. Developments that might initially be made for space exploration often end up benefiting human beings on a daily basis. For example, cellular mobile technologies would not have been possible were it not for satellite communications paving the way for their conception. Given the immensity and difficulty of the undertakings, exploratory efforts also encourage cooperation between governments and people.Learn more about Psychology
"Self-actualization" is someone's tendency or desire to achieve his full potential. This term is most recognized as the highest-order need in Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs. It is just above self-esteem on Maslow's needs pyramid.Full Answer >
The two basic types of motivation are intrinsic, or internal, arising from an individual's own natural desire to complete a task, and extrinsic, or external, encouraging individuals to complete a task with the promise of reward or the threat of punishment. Research supports intrinsic motivation as the more effective type, especially for long-term goals.Full Answer >
Social representation theory centers around the idea that humans are social creatures and thus create pillars of reference in the world around them that allow them to communicate and share ideas. By understanding how humans relate to those pillars, social scientists can better understand the nature of interpersonal communication.Full Answer >
During the sensorimotor stage of human development, children understand the world through their senses, so they put all types of objects in their mouths, shake rattles repeatedly to make sounds and press buttons to turn lights on and off. They use only their sensory perceptions and motor activities to explore and understand the world.Full Answer >