What Is the Nursing Intervention for Hypertension?
One nursing intervention related to hypertension is monitoring and recording the patient's blood pressure using the correct cuff size and technique, according to Nurseslabs. Other nursing interventions include assessing for edema, providing a calm and restful environment, maintaining appropriate levels of physical activity, and monitoring response to medications.
Nursing interventions related to hypertension depend on the nursing diagnosis that is selected. A nursing diagnosis of ineffective coping is appropriate for a patient who experiences hypertension because of anxiety or multiple life changes, according to Nurseslabs. Nursing interventions related to this nursing diagnosis include determining the patient's life stressors, assessing the patient's current coping strategies, helping the patient identify and plan for lifestyle changes, and encouraging positive thinking.
A nursing diagnosis of imbalanced nutrition may be selected for patients whose weight contributes to their hypertension, notes Nurseslabs. Nurses can help these patients by using the following nursing interventions: determining the patient's understanding of the relationship between hypertension and obesity, assessing the patient's interest in weight loss, discussing limiting calorie intake, and establishing a realistic weight loss plan. Other potential nursing diagnoses for patients with hypertension include decreased cardiac output, activity intolerance, acute pain and knowledge deficit. Each nursing diagnosis correlates with nursing interventions that are appropriate for the patient's situation.