What Is Nonprocedural Language?

Nonprocedural language is that in which a programmer can focus more on the code’s conclusion and therefore doesn’t have to use such common programming languages as JavaScript or C++. This makes nonprocedural language somewhat easier to learn for those just beginning to get into coding and programming.

Nonprocedural language allows the programmer to focus on what to do rather than how to do it. This is because this language does not focus as much on individual processes needed to get to the conclusion but rather on ways to get to the conclusion itself. This is why nonprocedural language is often referred to as a “declarative language.”

The opposite of nonprocedural language then is procedural language, which focuses much more on individual processes needed when writing and programming code. Many common types of programming languages are considered procedural language, including FORTRAN, C++, JavaScript, COBOL, and Java. Procedural language is often referred to as “imperative language” due to the necessity to take certain steps to get to a conclusion.

Most of the time, nonprocedural language is considered a fourth-generation language. Also represented as 4GL, fourth-generation language differs from third-generation language since that’s procedural. Both 3GL and 4GL are regularly used in programming. An example of 4GL nonprocedural language is structured query language, or SQL.