Non-citrus fruits include grapes, bananas, apples, plums, raspberries, blackberries, pears, peaches and apricots. Olives, coconuts, avocados and honeydew melons are also classified as non-citrus fruits. Simple, fleshy fruits are separated into berry, pepo, drupe, pome or hesperidium.
True berries, fleshy fruit with one or many seeds, include grapes, pomegranates, bananas, currants, cranberries, blueberries, chilli plants, eggplants and tomatoes. Pepos possess a thick rind and are members of the gourd family, which includes squash, watermelon, cucumber, pumpkin and cantaloupe.
Drupes are fleshy fruits with a hard seed or stone inside that include peaches, cherries, olives, nectarines and the fruits of pecans, walnuts, pistachios just to name a few. Pomes possess a core around which the fruit forms. The core is not usually eaten. Apples, quinces, loquats and pears are some examples of pomes. Some fruits are classified as aggregate fruits because they form from a single flower. Raspberries, strawberries and blackberries are examples of aggregate fruits. Multiple fruits form when a cluster of flowers each produce a fruit that matures into one mass, such as pineapples, breadfruits and figs.
Hesperidium encompasses the citrus fruits recognizable by their leathery rind, while the fruit appears in sections with papery partitions. Oranges, grapefruits, lemons and kumquats are examples. Kumquats are the only citrus fruits with edible peels.