Some of the 12 apostles' names include Andrew, Bartholomew, James son of Zebedee, Judas Iscariot, John and Mathew. When Judas betrayed Jesus and committed suicide, Matthias was elected to replace him.
In Mathew 10:1-4, Jesus commissioned these apostles together with James son of Alphaeus, Jude, Philip, Simon the Zealot, Peter and Thomas. Most of the apostles later became known for establishing the early church, great exploits and tragic deaths.
Outspoken, Peter was also known as Simon. He was a fisherman when he met Jesus and became the leader after Jesus ascended to Heaven. Andrew, also a fisherman, was Peter’s brother.
James son of Zebedee was the elder brother of John. Bartholomew and Philip were good friends who had joined Jesus later in His ministry. James son of Alphaeus became known as James the Just. He never drank alcohol nor ate meat.
Thomas became famous for doubting that Jesus had resurrected. Matthew and Philip traveled widely, preaching to large crowds as far as Ethiopia and Persia. Mark the Evangelist spoke fluent Greek and is credited for writing one of the gospels under Peter’s instructions.
Other apostles in the New Testament include Stephen, Paul, Silas, Timothy and Barnabus, as well as Titus, Andronicus and Junia. Junia is mentioned as the first female apostle.