Monks typically live in monasteries. These dwellings may either consist of a small singular building or a large group of buildings that can house many individuals
In general, monasteries include modest living quarters as well as a room or rooms where prayers can take place. Larger monasteries may also contain other features like schools or infirmaries. In addition, several sub-types of monasteries exist. For example, a monastery may be classified by who oversees the dwelling. Abbots rule abbeys, while priors are in charge of priories. Further, some monasteries may house both male and female residents, such as the Buddhist vihara. Other monastery types house only males or may even house only one individual. The latter type is often called a hermitage. Monks and monasteries may be found in various religious factions. Some commonalities in the monastic lifestyle include poverty and obedience.