In psychology, maturation is the process of development in which an individual matures or reaches full functionality. Originally, maturation examined only biological forces, such as the aging process, involved in a child's changes in behavior. Maturation theories evolved to include cognitive development as a result of biological maturation and environmental experiences. Modern concepts of maturation theorize that it is the process of learning to cope and to react in emotionally appropriate ways.Continue Reading
Along with growth and learning, maturation is one of three processes that play a central role in a person's development. Maturation does not necessarily happen along with aging or physical growth, but is a part of growth and development.
The concept of maturation was pioneered by Arnold Gesell in the 1940s. He emphasized nature's role in human development. In developmental psychology, the concept of maturation was advanced by Jean Piaget. For him, simply growing up played a crucial role in children's increasing capacity to understand their world, posing that children cannot undertake certain tasks until they are psychologically mature enough. Today, cognitive theories of development do not adopt a strictly biological perspective. Instead, maturation relates to the interplay between genetics and socio-environmental influences. Also, maturation is no longer seen as being limited to childhood.Learn more about Psychology
The primary difference between maturation and learning is that maturation takes place with time, while learning occurs when a person acquires knowledge or experience. Another primary distinction is that maturation is a reflexive process that is not influenced by the environment, but learning requires environmental influence, according to Psychology Campus.Full Answer >
General psychology is an important discipline because it focuses on understanding, explaining and predicting human behavior, emotions and mental processes. According to Psychology Today, the principles of general psychology have an impact on relationships, in the workplace and in many other environments.Full Answer >
Abraham Maslow's contributions to the study of psychology include exploring the concepts of self-actualization and the hierarchy of needs. Maslow is considered one of the founders of humanistic psychology.Full Answer >
The observer effect in psychology, also known as the Hawthorne effect, refers to subjects altering their behavior when they are aware that an observer is present. This applies when a psychologist observes his patients or when a person is aware that he is being recorded.Full Answer >