As of January 1, 2019, it was estimated that there were 3,800,750,379 women throughout the world. As of the same date, there were approximately 3,868,358,699 men. That’s a total population of 7,669,109,078. The United Nations estimates that for every 100 women on the planet, there are 101.7 men.
Most Populated Countries
More than one-third of the population in the entire world is in China and India. As of December 2019, China’s population made up 18.5% of the world’s population, and India followed close behind at 17.85%. By 2024, India is expected to have the largest population in the world. The United States came in a distant third at 4.29%. Other countries that round out the top 10 include Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Russia, and Mexico. Nigeria has the world’s fastest-growing population and is expected to have more people than the U.S. by 2024.
Countries With More Women Than Men
While there are slightly more men in the world than women, those numbers aren’t true for some countries. Women outnumber men in approximately 125 nations. Nepal, Hong Kong, Curacao, Martinique, Latvia, Guadeloupe, Lithuania, Ukraine, Russia, and Belarus are the 10 countries that have the highest number of women compared to the number of men within the population.
Birth and the Population
In 2018, there were 151,141,033 live births across the world. Despite the seeming population boom, women on all continents are having fewer babies. As of 2017, the average global birth rate was 2.5 babies per female, but there is quite a disparity between the continents. The average woman in Africa has 4.7 children, while the average European woman has 1.6.
Age of the Population
As of 2019, the median age in the world is 30 years old. Around 25.3% of the population was under the age of 15, and 7.5% was age 65 or older. The leaves 4,802,743,202 people between the ages of 15 and 64. Among people 65 and over, 315,115,888 are female and 250,596,060 are male. As for the younger groups, there are more males than females. For people ages 15 to 64, there are 2,427,864,967 males and 2,374,897,006 females. Within the segment of the population that is under 15, 1,004,638,355 are males and 937,581,437 are females.
Death and the Population
As of 2015, the average life expectancy of a baby born that year was 70 years old. By 2050, that number is expected to increase to 77. In 2018, there were 59,329,031 deaths around the world. Some of the top causes of death are ischemic heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Alzheimer’s disease, lower respiratory infections, diabetes, road accidents, cancers of the respiratory system, diarrheal diseases, and tuberculosis.
While no one knows for sure how the world population will grow in the years to come, it’s expanding at a fast rate. Approximately 83 million people are born each year. By the year 2050, experts believe 9.8 billion people will live on the Earth, and by 2100, 11.1 billion people will make up the world’s population.