The typical refrigerator draws approximately 600 watts. The typical household refrigerator is generally an appliance that is combined with a freezer, so a standard size refrigerator without a freezer draws less wattage when it is in operation. A refrigerator that operates a lower wattage uses less electricity.
A stand-alone freezer, by comparison to a refrigerator, draws between 500 and 800 watts, depending largely on the actual size of the appliance. A watt is a unit of power equal to equal to 1 joule per second. A joule is the standard base unit of energy in the International System of Units.